If you decide to put water plants in your pool or water garden, make sure you consider their special needs. Choosing the wrong kind of water plants would ruin the beauty of your water garden and render it useless. On the other hands, choosing the right kind of water plans add special color, shape, and texture to a pond.
There are four basic types of water plants: floating, oxygenating, marginal, and, bog or border.
Floating plants are the kind of plants that have their roots in the soils and their leaves floating the surface. Examples of floating plants are water lilies and lotuses. Water lettuce is a floating water plant – however, its roots flow in water as well. Floating plants keeps your water feature healthy by not leaving any space for the competing algae.
Oxygenating plants are submerged below the pool’s surface. They usually don’t bloom and can’t be seen. Despite their lack of visible presence, they make important water plants. The reason they are important for balance of the water feature is because they take up carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to other plants and fish during the daylight hours. They make perfect habitat for small fishes and other aquatic denizens. Examples of oxgenators include fanwort, pondweed, and eel grass.
Marginal plants are what their name suggests. They are best around the water features margins. They grow well in shallow water. Two classic examples of marginal plants are Japanese iris and the arrowhead. They typically prefer water that is 1 to 6 inches deep. These type of plants provide perfect transition from water feature to the landscape.
Also consider supplementing your pond with a bog garden. A bog garden is a small garden that is filled with plants and vegetation that thrive on constantly moist soil. They lend a natural appearance to the water feature by camouflaging its edges. Yellow irises or a beautiful papyrus are couple of examples of beautiful and bright moisture loving plants.
Given that most of the plants require atleast 4 to 6 hours of sunlight on a given day, it is important to choose a planting location that has direct exposure to sun. It is helpful to choose a water garden in such a way that they are close to the pools edge.
Planting beautiful water plants in your water garden add vitality and life to your garden. When choosing water plants, the most important criteria is to pick them in such a way that they blend in naturally and create a graceful link between your water feature and the landscape.