If possible, perennial vines should be planted when they are not in a period of vigorous growth. In warm areas this means late fall, winter, or earliest spring; but if you can plant during the short time that the vine is dormant or semi-dormant (usually during December or January), so much the better. Spring planting is usually recommended for areas where soil freezes deep in winter. Plant as early as a hole can be dug and the ground can be prepared.
If you can’t plant bare-rooted vines immediately on arrival, the can be “heeled in” (laid in a trench and covered with moist for a while). But set them in their permanent homes before growth gets well under way. Either way, soak the roots in water for some hours before planting.
“Balled and burlap” plants, with root-and-soil ball tied tightly in burlap, can wait for planting if the soil is kept moist and the plant kept out of hot sun. In planting, loosen the burlap after the roots are set in the hole, lay it down, and leave it to rot away. This avoids disturbing the roots unduly.
For any perennial vine, prepare a generous planting hole at least half again as large and deep aas the length and spread of the existing roots. Mix the soil with any needed suppliment – humus, sand, or fertilizer – before replacing it in a hole around the roots.
If the soil is entirely too poor, replace it completely with a better mixture. Soil near a building foundation or wall may be infertile, of poor texture, and loaded with debris like chunks of concrete. Concrete, by the way, can spoil soil for acid loving plants; have it tested if you are in doubt.
Tamp or tramp down the soil just firmly enough to support the plant and fill any possible pockets of air, and to keep it from settling later so the plant sinks with it. Water slowly and thoroughly, making sure all the soil around the newly planted roots is completely moist. Newly planted vines and landscape plants with landscape bridges need plentiful water throughout their first season until the time the ground freezes in winter. Build up a ridge of soil around the base, to help hold water while it is seeping down to the thirsty roots below.
If a vine has partly or fully leafed out by planting time, rig up some kind of shade to keep it from wilting for the first few weeks. A tent of newspapers, a thin drape like old sheeting, or a screen of leafy branches will keep the sun from dehydrating the foliage while roots are establishing themselves.
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